1️⃣ Let’s first start with some similarities:
Barolo and Barbaresco wines come from the same country and region - northwest Italy 🇮🇹 and they both are made from 100% the Nebbiolo grape 🍇in Piedmont. This grape is relatively small and with thin skin (but its size should not mislead you, because it makes it possible to produce powerful wines!⚡️🍷). Wines from both regions have expressive aromas and you can scent notes of cherry and roses. 🌹🍒
2️⃣ And the differences:
The main difference is…the topography!
First of all, the soil in the Barbaresco’s area belongs (for the most part) to the geological Tortonian formation⛰️, characterized by mostly marls, similar to those found in the western part of Barolo🍷, but with alternating layers of sand. Overall, Barbaresco's soils are more homogeneous than those of Barolo. For this reason, there are not pronounced differences between wines made in the different areas of the Barbaresco appellation☝️. Meanwhile, the soils of Monforte d'Alba, Serralunga d'Alba and part of Castiglione Falletto in Barolo are poorer in nutrients and mainly composed of sandstone, which makes the wines with more power, fuller body, more robust and structured than those from Barbaresco 💥
Consequently, wines from Barolo are stored for (at least) 38 months before release in comparison to 26 months (minimum) for the wines from the Barbaresco region.🕰 Because the Barbaresco region is closer to the Tanaro river🌊and has lower altitude vineyards, the grapes ripen easier and faster, which makes the overall winemaking process shorter compared to that in Barolo.
History is another element in which both regions differ. ⏳Barbaresco is younger in the way that it got started in 1894, while Barolo has been known since 1850, which makes it about 5 decades older!
Are you eager to learn more about Barolo and Barbaresco wines? 🤩Then check our WSET 3 courses in Amsterdam, The Hague, or Rotterdam, where our experienced Wine Educators will guide you through experiencing the difference of both wines. ✨🥂
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